accident proneness


accident proneness
The propensity of an individual to suffer (or cause) more than an average number of accidents. This is of particular interest in industrial and organizational psychology, which is anxious to analyse the causes of accidents in the workplace in order to reduce their occurrence and their inevitable costs. There is, however, some doubt as to whether such a condition does in fact exist, or whether some people are simply the unlucky statistics that go to make up a normal distribution of accident frequency. On the other hand, it is not hard to imagine that accidents are more likely to occur at work (or anywhere else) if concentration is distracted by such extraneous factors as fatigue, illness, emotional preoccupation, or stress. Machine operators, for example, have certain skills at processing the information perceived by their senses so that an appropriate response is initiated. In addition to this skill, the personal qualities of the operator must also be involved in the smooth operation of the machine. If the operator is aware that his or her skill with the machine is less than it should be, this is not necessarily a recipe for accidents to occur; the intelligent operator will, under these circumstances, work more slowly, more cautiously, and with greater concentration. It is often, in fact, the more highly skilled operator, many of whose responses are automatic, who is more easily distracted by extraneous factors and thus more accident prone. Although organizational psychologists have been unable to provide a rigorous treatment of accident proneness, much valuable work has been done in analysing those activities that have high inherent risks and those environmental conditions (e. g. poor lighting, inappropriate room temperature) that increase the chances of accidents happening. Human error can be greatly reduced by improved design of equipment and work systems and through training programs and other administrative interventions.

Big dictionary of business and management. 2014.

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  • Accident-proneness — is the conception that some people have a predispositions to be more likely to have accidents, such as car crashes and industrial injuries, than other people. It may be used as a reason to deny an insurance.Early work The early work on this… …   Wikipedia

  • accident proneness — Tendency towards being involved in or contributing to accidents …   Black's law dictionary

  • accident proneness — Tendency towards being involved in or contributing to accidents …   Black's law dictionary

  • Склонность к несчастным случаям и техника безопасности (accident proneness and prevention) — Несчастные случаи яв ся осн. причиной смерти, острой госпитализации и инвалидности во всех возрастных группах. Исслед. в психологии преим. фокусируются на трех областях, в к рых несчастные случаи привлекают к себе особое внимание: несчастные… …   Психологическая энциклопедия

  • accident-prone — [ak′sə dənt prōn΄] adj. having an apparent tendency or inclination to become involved in accidents accident proneness n …   English World dictionary

  • Accident — For other uses, see Accident (disambiguation). A railing accident at a college football game, spilling fans onto the side lines An accident or mishap is an unforeseen and unplanned event or circumstance, often with lack of intention or nece …   Wikipedia

  • proneness — noun being disposed to do something accident proneness • Derivationally related forms: ↑prone • Hypernyms: ↑disposition …   Useful english dictionary

  • accident analysis — The use of analytical techniques drawn from ergonomics to identify the causes of accidents, to recognize potential hazards in the workplace, and to create action plans for reducing the risks of injury and system damage. See accident proneness …   Big dictionary of business and management

  • Склонность к несчастным случаям — (accident proneness) – термин, предположительно, К.Марбе (1926), обозначает тенденцию некоторых лиц чаще подвергаться несчастным случаям, чем если бы они происходили согласно теории вероятности …   Энциклопедический словарь по психологии и педагогике

  • Carelessness — is lack of concern about the consequences of an action, and by extension, the behavior that results from that lack of concern. Carelessness has been hypothesized to be one possible cause of accident proneness. See also * Impulsivity * Negligence… …   Wikipedia